Teakwondo is one of the most systematic and scientific Korean tradition martial arts, that teaches more than physical fighting skills. It is a discipline that shows ways of enhancing our spirit and life through training our body and mind. Today, it has become a global sport that has gained an international reputation, and stands among the official games in the Olympics.
Let’s take closer look at the meaning of the word “Tea” “Kwon” “Do”. It is composed of three parts as shown in the English spelling, though it is one word in Korean. “Tae” means “foot”, “leg”, or “to step on”. “Kwon” means the “way” or “discipline”. If we can see two important concepts behind “Tae Kwon Do”.
First, Taekwondo is the right way of using Tae and kwon ‘ fist and feet’; or all the parts of the body that are represented by fist and feet. Second, it is a way to control or calm down fights and keep peace. this concept comes from the meaning of Tae kwon’ to put fists under control’ [or ‘to step on fist’]. Thus Taekwondo means “the right way of using all parts of the body to stop fights and help to build a better and more peaceful world”.
Taekwondo Practice Consists of –
- Poomsae(Forms), Kyoruki(Sparring) and Kyukpa(Breaking) are three disciplines of taekwondo, practitioner of any of these three components are able to learn defensive and offensive techniques. Precision of power and actual sparring techniques.
- Poomsae is a line of movements based on traditional Oriental ideas, each idea being represented in the name of the individual Poomsae movement. A Taekwondo Poomsae is compromised of various stances, each with its particular nature, but each blending into the other. The most typical Poomsae movements are Taegukl ~ VIII, Koryo, Kumkang, Taebak, Pyongwon, Shipjin, Jitae, Chunkwon, Hansoo and llyeo.
- Kyoruki is the actual sparring between two Trusties using defensive and offensive techniques. In this sparring,the opponents use the techniques they have learned through their study of Poomsae.
- Kyukpa mean breaking, Practitioners of this Taekwondo discipline can measure their precision by training in the breaking of solid objects such as wooden planks, bricks and roof tiles. Theseobjects are broken with hands, fists, elbows and feels as weel as special martial arts weapons.
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